In the case of uncontrolled breast growth in men due to various causes, the surgical operation performed to reduce adipose tissue and shrink the breast is called gynecomastia surgery. Just like in women, in men, breast tissue consists of fat and mammary glands. In men, gynecomastia occurs with an increase in the mammary glands and breast adipose tissue. Currently, one out of every 5 men has this problem. Gynecomastia, which can lead to many psychological problems, is unfortunately not possible to treat with medication. Although it is known that several drugs that can cause changes in the level of hormones are used for treatment purposes, no results have been taken.
Why Does Breast Growth Occur In Men?
When men enter puberty, slight growth of the mammary glands begins to occur. It is caused by growth hormones that occur in men’s mammary glands and breast adipose tissues. But it should be a temporary period. Continuing when puberty ends leads to the problem of gynecomastia in men. In addition, gynecomastia can be seen in men for different reasons, such as excessive weight loss, some health problems related to the liver, testicular tumor. Cirrhosis disease, drug use, some types of cancer, and the problem of breast growth in men can also occur as side effects of some drugs. It would be misleading to specify clear data as to what age it appears in general. But it is known that this problem often occurs during adolescence.
How Is Gynecomastia Classified?
Gynecomastia is evaluated in 4 different groups depending on the level of growth in the breast and sagging of the breast skin. In Stage One gynecomastia, there is no sagging or plentiful skin, and the growth of the breast is limited. In second stage gynecomastia, there is growth in the breast, but there is no sagging of the skin. In the third stage, sagging skin also occurred along with breast growth. In the fourth stage, the breast has completely taken the appearance of a woman’s breast.
How Is Gynecomastia Understood?
Gynecomastia can be diagnosed through imaging tests such as hormone analysis, ultrasound or MRI. After various health screenings are performed after the diagnosis of gynecomastia, gynecomastia surgery may be planned if conditions such as the request of the patient, the absence of a condition that prevents the patient from surgery or anesthesia are met.
Gynecomastia surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and is completed between 50 and 90 minutes, although its duration varies depending on the patient’s intervention. In the case of first or second stage gynecomastia, this problem can also be eliminated by liposuction. But in the third and fourth stages, surgical intervention may be mandatory. In this case, the breast is reshaped by applying an incision to the breast, removing excess adipose tissue, excess skin, and excess mammary gland. After that, the operation is completed by stitching the incision into the area. In rare cases, men may have only one breast growth. In this case, again, surgery is performed only on the breast where growth occurs, and after surgery, a symmetrical appearance can be achieved in both breasts.
Results Of Gynecomastia Surgery
Men who want to benefit from this operation are most curious about the permanence of the results of the operation. The results of gynecomastia surgery are permanent. Another question that comes to mind in this case is whether breast growth will occur again after surgery. During surgery, excess adipose tissue, mammary gland and excess skin are removed with an incision. The breast is given an ideal shape. Breast growth generally does not occur after surgery. But if growth occurs for hormonal reasons or excessive weight gain occurs in the patient, there may also be growth in the breasts, such as the entire body. In this case, after the necessary time period has passed, surgery can be planned again and gynecomastia surgery can be performed again. In order not to affect the results of the operation and to achieve the targeted appearance in a healthy way, it is necessary to avoid heavy sports activities and exercises until 1 month after the operation.
Is it possible to avoid the risk of gynecomastia?
Every man can encounter the problem of gynecomastia at any age. Because, as we mentioned earlier, this problem can occur due to many causes, from health problems that occur in the liver to the side effects of some medications used. Especially in men over 60 years of age, when sagging occurs in the body, although fat tissue is small, the appearance of a sagging breast, that is, gynecomastia can occur in the first house. For this reason, there are some considerations that men should pay attention to to minimize the risk. We can list what can be done to reduce the risk of gynecomastia as follows:
Make a habit of eating healthy
Pay lifelong attention to abundant water consumption
Avoid alcohol and drug use
Ask your doctor if it causes gynecomastia by checking the medications you are using.
Do not take various supplements, such as steroids and androgens used for bodybuilding, without consulting a professional nutritionist.
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The first stage of the operation begins with the preliminary examination. The patient is presented with some forms to fill out. Then, analyzes are made for general controls. At the Swedish Clinic, patient health is our priority. After the physical examination and final controls are completed, the patient is given detailed information about the operation. How the operation will proceed and what you need to know about the process are fully conveyed to the patient at this stage. The operating room is prepared for the operation and the operation begins with the patient's approval. The operation is performed under general anesthesia. After the successfully completed operation, our patient is taken to a separate room. Our specialist doctor and his team make the final checks here and inform the patient about how the operation was performed.
You will wake up from a painless sleep on the first morning after the operation. Our nurse team takes special care of you for all kinds of food and beverage and your needs. Uninterrupted sleep is important for you to rest well after the operation. All the details, from bed control to medication follow-up, have been thought of by our team and arranged perfectly. Our specialist doctor and his team will visit you again to make final checks and ask how you are feeling. In addition, new information will be given to you on the second day, and what you need to pay attention to for the future will be explained. With the final checks, the discharge process will begin, as everything is in order.
You will have spent your first night after discharge at your own home or hotel. In case of any problem, you can reach our specialist doctor and our experienced health team. You should spend this time resting at home. You should not neglect to wear the corset given to you. Please do not skip this important detail for shaping your body.
During this process, you should take your medications and act according to the information conveyed to you when you are discharged. Rest helps to shorten the recovery period after surgery. The medicines you use will help you get through this process quickly and not feel any pain. The drain will be attached until the day of the check, but you still do not need to act in this normal way. You can enjoy Istanbul and wander around.
Our healthcare team will continue to meet with you and analyze your general condition. Today, you will be able to take your first shower after the operation and you will feel more ready for physical activity. Your check will be done today and the resistors will be removed.
You will have made great progress after the operation. The general recovery process after the surgery is considered complete as of this day. You can reach your specialist doctor at any time. Your assigned health counselor will continue to provide daily notifications. You are now ready to return to work and resume your normal life.