Obesity Treatment surgery is known as sleeve gastrectomy in the medical literature and colloquially as gastric reduction surgery. It is the most common obesity surgery in our country and in the world. In tube stomach surgery, 80 percent of the stomach is removed through approximately 0.5 cm holes opened from the front wall of the abdomen without making a large incision. Because the remaining 20 percent resembles a tube, the tube is called gastric surgery. This closed procedure is called laparoscopic surgery.
80 percent of the surgical part is located in the fundus section. The Fundus is the region where the hunger hormone is secreted. In other words, with tube stomach surgery, both the volume of the stomach decreases and the feeling of hunger is reduced. Tube stomach, that is, gastric reduction surgery is performed for people aged 18-65 years. In order for a person to be a suitable candidate for stomach surgery, the body mass index (BMI) values determined by the World Health Organization must be 35 and above. For people under the age of 18, the presence of the above-mentioned diseases along with the degree of obesity is important and parental approval is required as well as physician decision. For people over 65 years of age, health status and the need for surgery (difficulties and problems related to a person’s weight) are evaluated.
Because the operation is performed by a closed method, only very small incision scars remain in the abdominal area. These lines become completely invisible within a few months. In order for tube stomach surgery to provide full efficiency, it is extremely important that the patient pays attention to nutrition by adhering to the diet program and, if necessary, regularly take vitamin and mineral supplements. It is vital that you follow your doctor’s recommendations and schedule to the letter and not take any vitamin, food or drug supplements without your doctor’s knowledge.
Weight Loss With Tube Stomach Surgery
(Tube stomach) or 2 main factors provide weight loss after gastric reduction surgery.
1.Factor – volume reduction: reduction, restriction of the remaining volume by removing 75-80% of the stomach; reduces food intake. In addition, thanks to reduced stomach volume, the feeling of satiety increases with little food.
2. Factor-Hormonal effect: decreased appetite is achieved by removing stomach tissue from the fundus part, which is the area where the hormone Ghrelin, which stimulates the feeling of hunger, is secreted. Ghrelin is called “hunger hormone” because it increases appetite, increases food intake and promotes fat storage. Ghrelin is found in higher levels in obese people. The ghrelin level of people undergoing bariatric surgery is much lower than that of people trying to lose weight through normal diet and exercise.
Two out of every three people have their dream thanks to the Swedish Clinic.
The first stage of the operation begins with the preliminary examination. The patient is presented with some forms to fill out. Then, analyzes are made for general controls. At the Swedish Clinic, patient health is our priority. After the physical examination and final controls are completed, the patient is given detailed information about the operation. How the operation will proceed and what you need to know about the process are fully conveyed to the patient at this stage. The operating room is prepared for the operation and the operation begins with the patient's approval. The operation is performed under general anesthesia. After the successfully completed operation, our patient is taken to a separate room. Our specialist doctor and his team make the final checks here and inform the patient about how the operation was performed.
You will wake up from a painless sleep on the first morning after the operation. Our nurse team takes special care of you for all kinds of food and beverage and your needs. Uninterrupted sleep is important for you to rest well after the operation. All the details, from bed control to medication follow-up, have been thought of by our team and arranged perfectly. Our specialist doctor and his team will visit you again to make final checks and ask how you are feeling. In addition, new information will be given to you on the second day, and you will be told what you need to pay attention to in the future. After the controls and examinations made during this time, the patient is sent home.
You will have spent your first night after discharge at your own home or hotel. In case of any problem, you can reach our specialist doctor and our experienced health team. You should spend this time resting at home. You should use the medicines and vitamins given to you regularly.
During this process, you should take your medications and act according to the information conveyed to you when you are discharged. Rest helps to shorten the recovery period after surgery. The medicines you use will help you get through this process quickly and not feel any pain. The ideal time to start returning to the old life is 1 week. Now you can come to your senses slowly and get things done without tiring yourself. Controls are made at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. It is expected to lose 20 kilos on average in the first month. At the end of 1 year, 70-80 percent of excess weight can be lost.